Cardoba Mosque

Mezquita or Córdoba Mosque is a cathedral in Spain that was once a mosque. During the reign of Islam in Spain Córdoba was the capital of Spain under the Umayyad dynasty. After the Reconquista or the Spanish Conquest by the Christians, the building was converted into a church with a gothic cathedral incorporated into the middle of this Moorish architectural building. Now the whole building is used as a cathedral building of Córdoba diosese in Spain.

 The Cordoba Mosque, on December 15, 1994 was designated by UNESCO as one of the most important and historic relics in the world.

The Cordoba mosque has a deep room for prayers, a rectangular shape surrounded by open fields, like the models of Umayyad and Abbasid mosques built in Syria and Iraq.

The site of the Cordoba Mosque was originally the site of a Catholic church built by the Visigoths. After Andalusia was dominated by Muslims, the location was then divided into two portions: one for Muslims, one for Christians. This division lasted until the Caliph Abdurrahman I of the Umayyad dynasty purchased a Christian portion, demolished the entire building, and replaced it with the Cordoba Mosque in its former territory in 787. Its construction continued to be carried out by successors' caliphs.

At the time of the Umayyad government, Cordoba became the capital of Spain under the reign of the Islamic caliphate and famous in Europe. Cordoba was also known as a science center, where the volume of visits to its library reached 400,000 visits.


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